Types of Valve Conditions

Valve stenosis or narrowing is when the valve does not open fully, restricting or obstructing the flow of blood. It can put a strain on the heart, making it pump harder to push the blood past in the narrowing.  Calcification (deposits of calcium) is the most common cause of aortic stenosis in older people

Leaking valves is when a valve fails to close properly and it allows blood to flow backwards. This is called valve incompetence or regurgitation or a leaky valve. The heart can be put under pressure as it has to work hard to pump the required volume of blood

Causes of Heart Valve Disease